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The Córdova-Flores Incident

Córdova wrote Manuel Flores, the Mexican commissioned agent among the Indians, in July 1838, that he had been ordered by Filisola to visit the Indians for the purpose of getting them to join the Mexican army being formed to invade Texas. He asked Flores to advance to him to confer with the chiefs of the Cherokees and other tribes who had promised to unite with the Mexicans in a campaign against the Texans. If, in the meantime their plans were discovered, the units under Córdova and Flores, with their Indian allies, were to commence operations at once against the hated enemy.[13]

On May 29 a Mexican by the name of Don Pedro Julian Miracle,[14]  a former Federalist leader from Tamaulipas and friend of Antonio Canales, accompanied by Vicente Córdova, left Matamoros with a force of seventy-two persons, including two Indians, thirty-four soldiers from La Bahía under Savariego, twenty Cherokee and Caddo Indians, and, presumably, sixteen other citizens.[15]  On the 30th they camped at Los Fresnos, where they waited four days for provisions and horses. June 3 they were joined by Juan de la Garza, who brought biscuits, sugar, coffee, and a supply of cartridges. At midday, June 3, they crossed the Arroyo Colorado and encamped on the other side at a point called Los Altos. Two days later (June 5) they camped at Los Mulatos for five days, while they sought unsuccessfully to capture wild horses. The march was resumed on the 11th. At Purgatory (Purgatoria) Hill they discovered a party of smugglers, who fled at their advance, leaving behind a valuable cargo of tobacco and fifteen horses. That night Miracle's party camped at the Borrego. During the ensuing days another effort was made to capture wild horses. On the 17th of



13. Quoted in James T. DeShields, Border Wars of Texas: being an Authentic and Popular Account, in Chronological Order, of the Long and Bitter Conflict Waged between Savage Indian Tribes and The Pioneer Settlers of Texas, p. 268.

14. Late in 1835 Colonel Antonio Canales had dispatched Julian Miracle to Texas to ascertain the true purpose of the Texans, who were attempting to organize an expedition against Matamoros. His report to Canales of the strong sentiment in Texas for independence rather than adherence to the constitution of 1824 apparently caused the latter, and other liberals in northern Mexico, to lose interest in the Texas movement. Hobart Huson, "Iron Men: A History of the Republic of the Río Grande and the Federalist War in Northern Mexico," typed ms., pp. 5-6.

15. "Memorandum Book [of Pedro Julian Miracle]," in "Report of the Secretary of State . . . relative to the Encroachments of the Indians of the United States upon the Territories of Mexico, Washington, Jan. 11, 1853," United States Congress, Senate Executive Documents, 32nd Cong., 2d sess., vol. III, no. 14, pp. 14-17.

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963