government, and there captured and disarmed them. He delivered the Caddoes to the American Indian agent at Shreveport, where the Indians made a treaty promising pacific behavior until peace should be made between Texas and the remainder of their people. Back in East Texas, thirty-one of the ringleaders in the disturbances were brought to trial on charges of treason in the District Court at San Augustine, but were all acquitted except one.
In the meantime, having temporarily suppressed the Indian raids into the northeastern section of Mexico and witnessed a growth in the commerce of the port of Matamoros during the French blockade and the accumulation of ample supplies for a six months' campaign, General Filisola believed that the time had arrived early in 1839 to unite all Mexicans in a war against Texas and to advance his line of operations. To this end he ordered eight hundred men under Canalizo, together with those at Mier under Severio Unda, to prepare for an attack on Béxar, while another section of the Army advanced against Goliad. The Federalist revolt in Tampico interfered, and the troops earmarked for the raid on San Antonio de Béxar were used elsewhere; meanwhile, in Texas the Mexican allies anxiously awaited the promised assistance. Finally, General Canalizo, who had by this time succeeded Filisola in command at Matamoros, sent instructions to Córdova on February 27, 1839, instructions which were much the same as those
26. Barnard E. Bee to Dr. Anson Jones, Department of State, Houston, Jan. 31, 1839; James Webb to Alcée La Branche, Department of State, Houston, March 27, 1839, in Garrison (ed.), Diplomatic Correspondence of Texas, 1907, I, 361-362, 379-380.
27. John Forsyth to Alcée La Branche, Department of State, Washington, Jan. 8, 1839; Alcée La Branche to John Forsyth, Legation of the United States, Houston, Jan. 29, 1839; in "Report of the Secretary of State . . . relative to the Encroachments of the Indians of the United States upon the Territories of Mexico, Washington, Jan. 11, 1853," United States Congress, Senate Executive Documents, 32nd Cong., 2d sess., vol. III, no. 14, p. 17-19; "Invasion of the United States by Texas," being an extract from the Natchitoches Herald, Dec. 16, 1839, in ibid., pp. 19-20.
28. Thomas J. Rusk to [Albert] Sidney Johnston, Secretary of War, [dated:] Houston, Feb. 25, 1839, in "Report of the Secretary of State . . . relative to the Encroachments of the Indians of the United States upon the Territories of Mexico, Washington, Jan. 11, 1853," United States Congress, Senate Executive Documents, 32nd Cong., 2d sess., vol. III, no. 14, pp. 22-25; affidavit of Elias Vansickle, Nacogdoches, Jan. 23, 1839, in ibid., pp. 25-26; agreement between the Caddoes and Thomas J. Rusk, dated Shreveport, Nov. 29, 1838, in ibid., pp. 26-27.
29. Telegraph and Texas Register, March 27, 1839.
30. La Brisa (Matamoros), Sept. 6, 1839, pp. 5-6.