York and then to Mexico, where he offended the imperialists and was exiled, only to return after the fall of Iturbide. He later established a newspaper, called the Correo de Atlántico, in which he boldly defended the rights of the Texans. The result was a second expulsion from Mexico in June 1835, by order of General Santa Anna and the loss of considerable amounts of property. Santángelo then moved his newspaper to New Orleans and continued its publication for about a year. His hatred of Centralism was thus deeply rooted, and the opening of Federal activities in northern Mexico caused him to explain in March 1839, that the enemy of Texas was not Mexico but the Centralists who had destroyed the federal plan of government in Mexico. The Texans, he explained, had drawn the sword in 1835-1836 against those who sought to destroy the federal system, not against the Federal party. As long as the independence of Texas was not recognized by Mexico and the latter continued to threaten to subjugate her rebelled province, Texas would find it difficult to obtain European recognition and immigrants. The possibility of a renewal of the war by Mexico, he wrote,
. . . alone will always prove an insurmountable obstacle to every moral, industrious, and commercial improvement of [the] infant Republic. . . . War, in all the strength of the word, is still subsisting between Texas and Mexico, just as it was at the time of capture of the hero of the Alamo. The subsequent suspension of arms, has been but the effect of the actual weakness of the Mexicans and of the edifying moderation of the Texians, but it could cease on the part of either of the belligerent parties, without their having the slightest reason to complain of any want of good faith, as no convention has ever been made between them on this subject. If, then, war authorize[s] hostilities and hostilities must chiefly tend to oblige the enemy to sue for peace as soon as possible, this is undoubtedly the moment to which the Texians ought to take up arms again.
Santángelo proposed the creation of an alliance between Texas and a federation composed of Tamaulipas, Jalisco, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Coahuila, Zacatecas, Durango, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Nuevo México, and the Californias. Already, he said,
the brave and enlightened Lamar by opening a commercial intercourse between Mexico and Texas, has prepared the materials for the beautiful
2. A convention had been signed with Santa Anna, but it had, of course, not been approved by the Mexican Congress.