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Federalist Wars: Second Phase

dent of the Chamber of Deputies.[55]  As one writer expressed it, he was "the most persistent and unconquerable leader of Federalism in Northern Mexico,"[56]  and it might be added he pursued his political ideal with everything but talent. Canales was a small man of brown complexion, whose eyes, reported a German businessman who met him in Houston, were "as false as those of a mustang."[57]  Another person described him as being approximately thirty-five years of age, "with a mild and intelligent expression of countenance and a high forehead denoting intellect."[58]  It is said that he usually did not strike one favorably at first, but that upon acquaintance it was impossible to remain uninterested in him and his cause. Although he possessed a rather magnetic personality, his skill in military leadership, upon which Mexican politics too often depended, was very limited. As a military man he proved to be incompetent and timorous. He believed in divination, and on all hazardous occasions would have his horoscope cast, and govern his actions accordingly.

The Federalist army was composed of two divisions -- one of Mexicans and the other of Texans. The Texans, numbering 226 strong, proceeded to organize. They chose as their commander, Ross, who was given the title of "Colonel."[59]  Richard Roman,[60]  -- a Kentuckian who

55. Gaceta Constitucional (Monterey), Sept. 13, 1832. Canales served as ad interim governor of Tamaulipas for a few months in 1851. Gabriel Saldivar, Historia compendíada de Tamaulipas, p. 311.

56. Huson, "Iron Men," p. 62.

57. Freund (trans. and ed.), Gustav Dresel's Houston Journal, p. 101.

58. W. F. O. to W. D. Wallach, Bastrop, May 5, 1840, in Colorado Gazette and Advertiser, May 23, 1840.

59. "Information from Capt. Benj. Hill," in Lamar Papers, VI, 134-135; Huson, "Iron Men," pp. 75-76; Handbook of Texas, II, 500.

60. Richard Roman, son of William Roman, was born in Fayette County, Kentucky, in 1811. He attended the medical school of Transylvania University, 1830-1831, but did not graduate. He participated in the Black Hawk War in 1832. In January 1836, he landed at Velasco, Texas, and enrolled as first lieutenant in Captain John Hart's Company, and a few weeks later, February 13, became captain of the company. He fought in the battle of San Jacinto, but afterwards resigned from the regular army and settled at Victoria where he was elected to the First Congress. In 1838 or 1839 Roman moved to Refugio and on April 25, 1839, was elected clerk to the Board of Land Commissioners. In 1839 he represented Refugio County in the Third Congress. After the first Federalist campaign from Texas, he moved to Victoria and was elected county clerk in 1841. He represented Victoria, Jackson, and Calhoun counties in the Ninth Congress. During the Mexican War Roman served as a Ranger under Colonel John C. Hays. For a

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963