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The Republic of the Río Grande
on the Frontier of Texas

THE REMNANT OF THE FEDERAL ARMY was completely dispersed with its rout before Morelos. Out of some 400 Federalists, only Canales and about 150 of his loyal followers escaped across the Río Grande. At the water hole of Los Sauces the shattered Federalist Army picked up the officials of the Republic of the Río Grande and the refugee government protected by 35 men from the squadrons of Teran and Moctezuma proceeded once more toward the lower Nueces.[1]  The others accompanied Canales toward the Presidio crossing of the Medina River. A small contingent of Federalists under Carlos Lazo, the father-in-law of Philip Dimitt and a kinsman of Martin de León, the empresario, was reported at the latter's Aunt Calvilla's ranch.[2]  The victory of the Centralists at Peyotes over Vidaurri, the retreat of Canales from before Monterey, and his crushing defeat at Morelos could be expected to inspire the victors with the bold idea of invading Texas, the home of the filibusters, or at least of penetrating into Texas as far as San Antonio where they might "triumph with ease and reap heavy booty. . . . I trust," wrote Navarro earlier in the year upon receipt of Canales' failures at Monterey, "that the Government will take immediate steps to relieve us from our threatened and dangerous position.[3]

On leaving the Río Grande the members of the provisional government of the Republic of the Río Grande appointed the Lake of Espantosa, on the Nueces River[4]  as the seat of government for the new

1. Hobart Huson, "Refugio: A Comprehensive History of Refugio County from Aboriginal Times to the End of World War II," vol. II, chap. 23, p. 13.

2. El Ancla (Matamoros), June 12, 1840.

3. José Antonio Navarro to [M. B. Lamar], Béxar, Jan. 29, 1840, in Lamar Papers, III, 321; see also Joseph William Schmitz, Texan Statecraft, 1836-1845, p. 104.

4. Espantosa [Haunted] Lake was nearly 100 miles below Camp Wood (formerly

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963