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Republic of the Río Grande and Texas

that those of [the] Río Bravo know how to appreciate and comply [with] the duties imposed by gratitude."[50]  On other and sundry occasions while in Texas, Canales "often stated that he would never consent to yield up the territory west of the Nueces. He was willing to yield up all claim to the old territory of Texas proper," reported the editor of the Telegraph and Texas Register, "but would not yield an inch of Tamaulipas or Chihuahua."[51]  By agreeing to accept the Río Grande as the boundary of Texas, he would have offended many Mexicans below the Nueces and on both sides of the Río Grande. Before leaving Austin on May 2 for Houston, Canales addressed a letter to Lamar, thanking him for the many favors shown him, and declaring that the warm and generous reception with which the Federalists were received in Texas, would "never be effaced from the hearts of the Mexicans of the Northern frontier."[52]

Although Lamar withheld recognition, it was not because he did not wish to see the movement to set up the Republic of the Río Grande succeed; but because Texas was, at the time, seeking British mediation to secure Mexican recognition of her independence, and the government itself, through James Treat, had commenced negotiations in Mexico. Canales was told that the defeated Federalists would be accorded personal protection in Texas, but that the fugitives could not be recognized as belonging to any government, nor would any flag but that of Texas be permitted within the territory claimed by the Republic.

There seems to be little doubt, however, that the Texan officials made use of the idea that unless the Mexican government made a satisfactory, peaceful settlement with Texas aid would be given to the Federalists. Prior to leaving for Europe to dispose of bonds of the Republic and to seek treaties of recognition with the various powers, General James Hamilton of South Carolina, who had long been interested in the affairs of Texas and who had already acted as a Texan financial agent abroad, had been given full authority to negotiate with Mexico. Hamilton's scheme for obtaining Mexican recognition of the independence of Texas and a boundary settlement at the Río Grande was regarded as a "desperate one," but "desperate diseases require



50. Antonio Canales to Genl. M. B. Lamar, City of Austin, April 29, 1840, in ibid., V, 424.

51. Telegraph and Texas Register, July 27, 1842.

52. Antonio Canales to Genl. M. B. Lamar, City of Austin, April 29, 1840, in Lamar Papers, V, 424.

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963