Go to Page | Index | Contents 344     | Biblio. | Page- | Page+

Federalist Wars: Final Phase

to end his revolt under certain conditions.[91]  Molano and López fully agreed that the Federalists' greatest sin had been in uniting with the "odious Texians," whom, they said, they hated and would always hate. In view of the court-martial and execution of Federalists, including one of their great leaders, at Santa Rita de Morelos, Molano said he and his men were very apprehensive of what might be in store for themselves if they surrendered; but, "if you, as we hope you will, shall act with good faith in this affair, we promise on our word of honor, as Mexican citizens, and in the name of our idolized and unfortunate country, that from this moment not a single shot shall be fired by this division at a Mexican citizen, unless we see ourselves persecuted tenaciously by our own brothers or see the lack of good faith" in carrying out the surrender agreement. Molano then proposed that the terms of capitulation include a general amnesty for all who had participated in the present rebellion under the leadership of Canales; that his men each be given 'letters of security' signed by General Arista and the "other respectable chiefs, with a promise to comply with and sustain their tenor"; that the Mexicans in his command should be permitted to march to the neighboring town and the men be permitted to retain "such of their arms, horses, and equipage," as may be necessary for their defense on the frontier; "that payment for the march be made to each person according to his rank"; and, finally, that the Federalists and Centralists both pledge themselves not to solicit or accept assistance from the Texians, the country's enemies.[92]  As for himself, Molano was willing to rely upon Arista's word, and the terms he asked, he said, were solely for the security of those who accompanied him. The Federalists, he promised, would then be willing to serve in a campaign against Texas. In the meantime, Molano informed Arista, he would continue his march toward Matehuala, and hoped en route to hear from Arista.

In reply to the offer of the two Federalist leaders to surrender, Arista declared that the sentiments expressed by such "true patriots and worthy Mexicans," gave him great pleasure; yet, in the eyes of the nation, the unfortunate tie with the foreigners (Texans) made it

91. Alessio Robles, Coahuila y Texas, II, 221. The correspondence exchanged between Arista and Molano was published in a Supplement to Number 90 of the Seminario del Gobierno de Nuevo León, Thursday, Nov. 19, 1840, and reproduced in El Ancla, Dec. 7, 1840.

92. Juan Nepomuceno Molano and Luis López to D. Mariano Arista, Palmillas, Oct. 12, 1840, in El Ancla, Dec. 7, 1840.

Go to Page | Index | Contents 344     | Biblio. | Page- | Page+

AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963