invasion failed to materialize, the business of organizing an expedition in Texas was directed toward another point -- Santa Fé. The Fifth Congress contented itself with the enactment of several measures for frontier protection, but declined to make provision for taking a census of the population. The majority of the House Committee on the State of the Republic to which had been referred a bill providing for the taking of a census (none having been taken in the past) declared "it would be very impolitic, at present, to pass the bill. . . . because it would, in their opinion, be a useless expense for little or no profit; in fact they are of opinion," declared their report, "that much greater injury to the public interest would result from the measure than advantage." Their report refrained from "stating . . . the reasons which operate" in reaching their conclusion, but we "will leave that to be stated verbally when the subject comes before the House," they said. A minority report was also filed, declaring that "it is proper and politic that the census should be taken."
It is a well-established fact that many counties, possessed of great wealth and numerous inhabitants, stand in the councils of the nation with no more influence or voice, than districts with a sparse population and little wealth. No one, at this time of the world, will deny that representation and taxation are and should be synonymous; that the majority should govern, and that, in a free government, men should be allowed to impose their own taxes, and adopt the laws by which their liberties and lives are to be protected. If a minority have an equal voice in the Congress of the country, are not the rights which a republican government guaranties to her citizens violated? . . . Your Committee [meaning the minority members] cannot be influenced by the feelings which a majority express, that if the census is taken, Texas will prove that she is but small in population, and too weak to be admitted among the nations of the earth; that if the census is taken, the United States and foreign powers will discover that the estimates of the number of our inhabitants have been false and unfounded.
Among many western members of Congress, there was considerable
Victoria), July 31, 1841; Mary A. Maverick to Agatha S. Adams, San Antonio de Béjar, Feb. 21, 1841, in Green, Samuel A. Maverick: Texan, pp. 138-140.
67. Report of the Majority of the Committee on the State of the Republic . . . William Menefee, Chairman, in Texas Congress, Journals of the House of Representatives, Fifth Congress, Appendix, pp. 320-321.
68. "Counter Report of a Minority of the Committee on the State of the Republic . . . [signed:] James S. Mayfield [and] Thomas B. Huling," ibid., Appendix, pp. 321-322.