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Invasion Excitement

apprehension over the loss of representation to the benefit of the eastern section of the country, but more especially were they concerned with the effects the publication of accurate population statistics might have in causing the Mexicans to make bolder efforts to subjugate the country. Consequently, when the question of taking a census came up for a vote in the House of Representatives on December 7, the motion for engrossment was defeated by a vote of 19-19.[69]  Every member west of the Brazos voted against it. When presented again in the Sixth Congress, the census bill was once more defeated in the House.[70]

Among the several measures enacted during this Congress for frontier protection, the first, approved by Burnet on December 24, provided for the transportation of ammunition to the ranger post at San Antonio and for the "purchase of three Spy Horses" at that place.[71]  At San Antonio, Major Howard commanded three companies of regulars (150), and Colonel Samuel W. Jordan was authorized to raise a battalion of three hundred volunteers to be stationed on the western frontier to watch Arista's movements on the Río Grande and to act only on the defensive.[72]  Jordan raised a company of men and kept them on the frontier for a while in the Victoria area. It has been impossible to determine the number of men raised and the length of their service.[73]  It was said that Jordan was eager "to redress his wrongs and to snatch payment from a people who had rec[eive]d his services and then betrayed and insulted him."[74]  While in the midst of raising

69. "From our Austin Correspondent, Austin, Dec. 10, 1840," Telegraph and Texas Register, Dec. 23, 1840; Texas Congress, Journals of the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas: Fifth Congress, First Session, 1840-1841, p. 214.

70. Smither (ed.), Journals of the Sixth Congress of the Republic of Texas, II, 194-195.

71. Gammel (ed.), Laws of Texas, II, 474-476.

72. Colorado Gazette and Advertiser, Jan. 23, 1841.

73. During part of the time the men were in service, they were encamped on land in Victoria County belonging to Captain John F. Kemper, who "sustained considerable loss by the depredations committed on his stock by the company of men raised by Colo. Jourdan." Petition of John F. Kemper for Redress, Oct. 30, 1841, accompanied by affidavits of (1) John T. Price, (2) H. Ledbetter, and (3) P. Wright, Richard Roman, T. Francis Brewer, James Ingram, etc. testifying to his losses. See John F. Kemper, in Memorials and Petitions (Texas), ms.; Smither (ed.), Journals of the Sixth Congress of the Republic of Texas, II, 77 n. A law approved January 29, 1842, provided $132.44 to be paid J. T. O'Reilly for supplies furnished to the companies commanded by Captains J. M. [S. W.] Jordan and J. T. Price. Ibid., III, 493.

74. "Capt. Newcombe's Recollections," in Lamar Papers, VI, 123.

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963