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Capture and Death of Dimitt

considered too valuable to be entrusted to the vicissitudes of a voyage along the coast. They were securely tied, carefully guarded, and, under the immediate supervision of Sánchez marched to Matamoros. Among other things, Boyd was wanted in Mexico for having stolen one of the small guard boats from the port of Brazos de Santiago.[19]

Although Sánchez returned to Matamoros, other parties of Mexican troops guarded the crossings of the Arroyo Colorado to prevent the entry of hostile Indians and to keep robbers from Texas from depredating the Mexican settlements below.[20]

Up to this time, Philip Dimitt was probably the most important Texan to be captured by the Mexicans since the battle of San Jacinto. Dimitt came to Texas in 1822 from Kentucky, and for many years engaged in the frontier trade. At first he established himself at San Antonio and participated in the trade between northern Mexico and New Orleans. In 1828 he married María Luisa Lazo, daughter of Xavier Lazo and Josefa Calaona; became a naturalized Mexican citizen, a Roman Catholic, and a landholder, owning by 1838 more than thirty leagues of land in the southwest.[21]  About 1832 he established a trading post on a site on Lavaca Bay, which became known as "Dimitt's Landing" or "Dimitt's Point." He traded in coffee, rice, dishes, hardware, corn, tobacco, and cotton seeding machines.[22]  He took part in the capture of Goliad during the early days of the Texas revolution, and played an active part throughout the revolutionary period. Acting Governor James W. Robinson appointed him public storekeeper at Lavaca Bay, and his warehouse was designated the place for deposit of all government stores landed at that point. At the May 1841, term of the District Court for Refugio County Carlos de la Garza instituted suit against Dimitt for ejectment from a piece of land which he had

19. Vicente Sánchez á Sr. general comandante de la 2a Brigada de la 1a Division del cuerpo de Ejército del Norte D. Pedro de Ampudia, Matamoros, Julio 9 de 1841, in El Ancla, July 12, 1841.

20. Jesús Cárdenas á Antonio Salazar, Señor Secretaría del Gobierno del Departamento [de Tamaulipas], Matamoros, Julio 16 de 1841, in Gaceta de Gobierno de Tamaulipas (Ciudad Victoria), July 31, 1841.

21. George, "The Life of Philip Dimmitt," pp. 1-61; Philip Dimitt to Henry Smith, Goliad, Dec. 29, 1835, in William C. Binkley (ed.), Official Correspondence of the Texan Revolution, 1835-1836, I, 251.

22. Most of the trade through Texas with the inhabitants of the interior of northern Mexico before 1836 was carried on through Goliad. Eugene C. Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin, p. 336 n,

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963