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Capture and Death of Dimitt

under Captain Charles M. Creaner, proceeded to Corpus Christi to serve the warrants on Kinney and Aubrey. By way of reprisal, Captain Creaner was ordered to seize any enemy goods and traders he might find.[44]  The posse, numbering twenty-three men,[45]  reached Kinney's rancho on the 23rd and found ten Mexican traders there with a small caballada of horses recently from the Río Grande. The Texans made prisoners of the traders, and in two hours time they and their horses, mules, and money were on the road to Victoria.

En route, Captain Creaner stopped at the Mission Refugio, and, after dividing the prisoners' property (their clothes, too, it was said) among his men, passed on to Victoria with his prisoners. At Victoria he learned that seven traders from Reinosa had recently passed the Mission Refugio going eastward with a drove of horses and mules. Creaner immediately detached a portion of his command to pursue and capture them,[46]  which was accordingly effected on July 28, in spite of the fact that the Mexicans claimed the laws of Texas and the proclamations of two of its presidents invited, encouraged, and protected the trade between the western settlements of Texas and the citizens of Mexico on the Río Grande. Their protest was to no avail. They were held prisoners for eleven days, and stripped of their entire property, including horses, mules, saddles, bridles, guns, pistols, and other items.[47]  They later claimed their losses amounted to $2,348.

Both groups of prisoners and their property were reported late in July to be at Victoria, awaiting the disposition of the Texan government. Colonel A. S. McDonald, the mayor of Victoria, however, cautioned the Secretary of War, "that if

44. A. S. McDonald, Col. 5th Regt., 1st Brig., T. M., to B. T. Archer, Victoria, July 28, 1841, Army Papers (Texas), ms.

45. Goodman, "A Statement of Facts, Washington, Feby 10, 1843," in W. D. Miller Papers, 1833-1860, ms.

46. Charles M. Creanor to Col. A. S. McDonald, Victoria, July 28, 1841, in Army Papers (Texas), ms. Among those captured on the 28th were José María Cantú, Francisco María Cantú, Francisco Guzmán, and Valentín Gutiérrez.

47. Memorial of José María Cantue [Cantú] and Others to Congress, Dec. 20, 1841, Memorials and Petitions (Texas), ms.; Smither (ed.), Journals of the Sixth Congress of the Republic of Texas, II, 211, 269. November 11 the Committee on the State of the Republic in the House of Representatives, headed by John D. Morris, suggested that "the Pay-Master be required to retain all pay, if any due the company of Captain C. M. Creanor until further action of Congress." Ibid., II, 23; I, 16 n. The committee's report has not been found. The traders' petition for compensation was favorably reported by a Select Committee of the House on January 3, 1842, but no law was ever enacted for their relief.

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963