particular incident in the life of this fearless pioneer and his associates, let us recall what is known as the Quapaw Treaty between the United States and the Indians. After that treaty, John Stiles and quite a number of white men located on the western border and, as they thought, within the proposed territory of Arkansas; and, after having cleared their farms and erected their homes, they were all at once confronted with a United States surveying party who had with them a small squad of United States soldiers to run a line that would cut them off from the State of Arkansas and put them into Indian territory.
John Stiles and his men armed themselves and went out and met the
surveyors, ordered them to cease running the line in the course they
were going, and stated that they did not propose to be cut off into any
Indian territory. The engineer in charge of the survey replied to Mr.
Stiles, "Sir, we have orders from General Jackson to run this line due
north to the Missouri line." Mr. Stiles replied, "It makes no
difference to us, sir, from whom you got your orders; we have plenty
of guns and ammunition and we are going to kill the last one of you
before we will submit to our homes being cut off." The surveyor at once
replied, "This, then, makes it impossible for us at this time to
continue the survey." He then asked permission of Stiles and his men to
be allowed to camp until they could get word to General Jackson for