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The Córdova-Flores Incident

June they camped at the Pastel, where they killed two Irishmen, a woman and her children. The next evening the Indo-Mexican party encamped on the Arroyo Blanco. On the morning of the 19th, the Indians sought permission from Savariego, the military commander, to attack La Bahía (Goliad), and became dissatisfied when their request was not granted. Instead, spies were sent out while the main party moved on to the San Antonio River and encamped for the night. On the 20th the spies returned to report that there were twenty Americans in the vicinity of Refugio and thirty at Copano and that Villareal was at La Bahía with horses.[16]

Taking leave of Savariego on the 20th, Miracle and the Indians, now joined by Manuel Flores, crossed the San Antonio. The following day they crossed the Guadalupe and on the 24th at 1 p.m. the Colorado River. Near the Colorado they saw several Texans, but did not attack them, "at which," recorded Miracle, "the Indians were much enraged." On the 27th they crossed the Brazos, and between it and the Navasota, "in the timber," met the Kickapoo Indians, who received them kindly and accompanied them for four days toward the east, abandoning the party on July 1. The Mexican emissaries and their allies encamped on the Trinity on July 2. During the remainder of July and on into August the Mexican agents contacted the various Indian tribes -- Choctaws, Cherokees (Chief Bowles), Kickapoos, Kichai,[17]  Chickasaws, Caddoes, Wacos, Tahuacanos, and others, conveying to them Filisola's message and promises. A month later, about August 20, Miracle was killed near the Cross Timbers on the Red River, and upon his body were found instructions from General Filisola directed to the Mexicans and friendly Indians in Texas,[18]  saying,

16. Miracle's "Memorandum Book" is printed in ibid. with a comment from Anson Jones, the Texan minister at Washington in December 1838, "that many of the words are completely obliterated, and the language is also very imperfect, making it difficult to give anything like a connected or correct translation." The entry for June 19 concludes: "Advanced as far as San Antonio river, and put out spies, who returned on the 20th bringing us news of 20 men (Americans) and 30 at Copano, and that Villareal was at La Bahía with horses." I have presumed on the basis of circumstantial evidence that the 20 Americans were at Refugio or its vicinity.

17. Sometimes spelled Keechie.

18. Anson Jones to John Forsyth, Texian Legation, City of Washington, Dec. 31, 1838, in "Report of the Secretary of State . . . relative to the Encroachments of the Indians of the United States upon the Territories of Mexico, Washington, Jan. 11, 1853," United States Congress, Senate Executive Documents, 32nd Cong., 2d

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963