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Federalist Wars: Final Phase

Texan column was directed toward the place already indicated for the slaughter of the Texans. Captain Allen, suspecting treachery, "rode rapidly to Colonel Jordan and exclaimed: 'Where in the name of God, Sir, are you leading us? If you take us to yonder gorge, the enemy will not leave a man to tell our fate.' "[119]  Hastily surveying the field, Jordan inquired if water was to be had on the right, and when he was told that there was none, he determined to follow López, who was making a left flanking movement. On went the front columns. Soon López's men began to round the hill, and when they had gone some distance, he halted and spoke to his men: he told his men that they were in eminent danger; that escape was impossible; and that if a battle ensued their destruction was inevitable. He declared that the only alternative was to "go over to the enemy." Colonel José María González[120]  of Laredo "abhorred the sentiment, and urged the men to stick to their integrity." To this López turned a deaf ear and renewed the advance with his cavalry as if intending to bring on a fight with the enemy, now appearing numerous in the distance. As soon as he had approached to within three-quarters of a mile of the Centralists, López fired his guns into the air and shouted, "Long live the Republic of Mexico, kill the Texans,"[121]  and dashed off towards the enemy lines, followed by Captain García from Mier and many other members of the cavalry unit, discharging their guns into the air and shouting "death to the Americans." "The shout rang through his lines, and . . . most of the force followed their perfidious and dastardly leader," whose unit was soon blended with the enemy forces. González, still scorning the part of a traitor, "collected the few who adhered to his counsels, and told them that matters were rendered desperate by this treasonable act of Molano and López, and that they must now look to their own safety," for if they remained they could not save the Texans and their courage would only result in the destruction of all. The foe was too strong to be resisted, and flight became indispensable as well as right in their estimation. They must seek safety in escape through the mountains. González, and his men appeared to follow

119. Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 294.

120. For González's account of what happened at Victoria and Saltillo, see Lamar Papers, VI, 132-133.

121. Jordan reported that he yelled: "Death to Texas and [long] Live Mexico; follow me soldiers, and save yourselves." S. W. Jordan to Gen. Lic. Canales, Laredo, Nov. 2, 1840, in Telegraph and Texas Register, Dec. 16, 1840.

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AFTER SAN JACINTO: The Texas-Mexican Frontier, 1836-1841
Joseph Milton Nance, 1963